The philosophy of the NEC is summarized in its three basic objectives – clarity, simplicity and stimulus to good management. The NEC is essentially a system for managing the interfaces among contract stakeholders. The NEC has been used in South Africa since 1993. The construction Industry Development Board (CIBD) Act of 1994 standardised procurement routes for all state entities. This meant that only four forms of contract, including the NEC, could be used under the Act. Initially adopted, by Eskom, the list of South African state organizations and private corporations using the NEC form of contracts includes Transnet, Sasol, Anglo Platinum, Gold Fields, ABSA, Johannesburg Housing Company, Gauteng Housing Department, University of the Witwatersrand, and Tshwane and eThekwini municipalities.